Dr. Judy Willis is a neurologist turned educator whose work (much of which can be found on her own blog, radteach.com) focuses on the brain–how it works, and how teachers can respond.

The video below shows Dr. Willis talking about how boredom and fear cause students to literally switch their brains off. The video is only about 10 minutes long, and is worth a watch. Listen to Dr. Willis give specific examples about how to implement the following in your classroom.

1. Use indirect signals rather than “telling”

As an example, you might use different color font, ink, or highlighter to indicate content priority rather than saying “This is super important and will be on the test.”

2. Make sure all students respond in some way

They can attempt an answer, ask a question of their own, or make some related prediction or evaluation. They can also respond to a non-content related question from the teacher (e.g., “Where would you start answering this question? What information would you need to form an intelligible response?)

Predictions and responses force the brain to engage at least on some level. That, or they make it clear there is zero engagement to begin with.

3. Protect students from fear of mistakes or failure

This can happen in a number of ways, including making student practice responses (rather than just “test” answers) private. To accomplish this, you can use individual whiteboards, or even twitter, texts, etc.

Fear is a powerful “demotivator.” Put students in situations where they believe they can be successful.

4. Resist placing students “on the spot” unless responding “on the spot” is what you’re assessing

You might fee like you’re preparing students for the “real world” by asking them to stand and articulate a complex response–and you might be right. But what you’re also assessing is simply their ability to resist fight or flight response.

5. Promote curiosity not as a thing, but the thing

Strategies that make students curious–such as breaking routines–is important to not only keep students engaged, but to allow them to “activate” their brains. Research about the relationship between curiosity and learning isn’t entirely clear, but connection is. Curiosity activates background knowledge, promotes comfort and activity, engages the brain, helps students persist in the face of failure, and countless other desirable academic behaviors.

Source: Judy Willis M.D., M.Ed., radteach.com